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18.01.2022. 12:08:26
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Quercus ilex L.
Order: Fagales Engl.
Family: Fagaceae (bukve (Hr), Horvatić, S., 1954 1819)
Genus: Quercus (rast (Hr), Šulek, B., 1879 1256hrast (Hr), Domac, R., 1994 4hrast (Hr), Nikolić, T., 2019 12707želud (Hr), Šulek, B., 1879 1256)
Place of publishing: Sp. Pl. 995 (1753)


Taxon author(s) 1. Carl von,Carl von Linnaeus,Linné
Synonyms: Ilex minor, sinonim (s)Quercus alpina Endl., sinonim (s), Gen. Pl., Suppl. 4(2). 1848.Quercus avellaniformis Colmiero et E. Boutelon, sinonim (s)Quercus ballota var. obovatifolia Colmeiro, sinonim (s), Exámen Encinas. 1854.Quercus bellota Colmeiro & E. Boutelou, sinonim (s), Exam. Arb. Pen. 1854.Quercus cyclophylla Welw. ex Nyman, sinonim (s), Nym., Consp. Fl. Eur. 1881.Quercus fagifolia K. Koch, sinonim (s), Dendrologie 2(2). 1873.Quercus fordii (Loudon) Carr, sinonim (s), Rev. Hort. 1861. 1861.Quercus gracilis Lange, sinonim (s)Quercus ilex f. ambigua (Albert) C. Vicioso, sinonim (s), Rev. Gen. Quercus Esp. 1950.Quercus ilex L. var. angustifolia, sinonim (s)Quercus ilex L. var. latifolia, sinonim (s)Quercus ilex L. var. oblongifolia, sinonim (s)Quercus ilex L. var. serrata, sinonim (s)Quercus ilex subsp. genuina (Cout.) C. Vicioso, sinonim (s), Rev. Gen. Quercus Esp. 1950.Quercus ilex subsp. gracilis Rivas Mart. & Sáenz de Rivas, sinonim (s), Itinera Geobot. 15. 2002.Quercus ilex subsp. montserratensis Svent. & Marcet, sinonim (s), Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 43. 1945.Quercus ilex subvar. caduca A. Camus, sinonim (s), Chênes , Texte 2. 1939.Quercus ilex subvar. laurifolia (Laguna) Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex subvar. reducta (Albert) A. Camus, sinonim (s), Chênes , Texte 2. 1939.Quercus ilex var. brachycalyx Borzí, sinonim (s), Fl. Forest. Ital. 1880.Quercus ilex var. conocarpa Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. cordifolia Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. crispa Lodd., sinonim (s), Cat. Pl., ed. 16. 1838.Quercus ilex var. cylindrocarpa Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. denudata Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. eucalyptoides Lojac., sinonim (s), Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 2(2). 1907.Quercus ilex var. fimbriata Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. genabii Bean, sinonim (s), Trees Shrubs Brit. Isl. 2. 1914.Quercus ilex var. longifolia Lodd., sinonim (s), Cat. Pl., ed. 16. 1836.Quercus ilex var. macrocarpa Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. microbalana Borzí, sinonim (s), Fl. Forest. Ital. 1880.Quercus ilex var. microphylla Batt. & Trab., sinonim (s), Fl. Algérie , Dicot. 1890.Quercus ilex var. mirabilis Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. myrtifolia Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. oblongifolia Lam., sinonim (s), Fl. Franç. 3. 1815.Quercus ilex var. obovatifolia (Colmeiro) C. Vicioso, sinonim (s), Rev. Gen. Quercus Esp. 1950.Quercus ilex var. oleoides Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. operculata Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. ovatiacutifolia Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. revoluta Martrin-Donos & Timb.-Lagr., sinonim (s), Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11. 1864.Quercus ilex var. sinuosifolia Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. smilax (L.) Asch. & Graebn., sinonim (s), Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 4. 1911.Quercus ilex var. stenocarpa Albert, sinonim (s), Cat. Var. 1908.Quercus ilex var. strangulata Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. subocculata Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. subrevoluta A. Camus, sinonim (s), Chênes , Texte 2. 1939.Quercus ilex var. subsphaerocarpa Albert, sinonim (s), Bull. Assoc. Franç. Étude Sol 52-53. 1946.Quercus ilex var. undulata Ten., sinonim (s), Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol. 1831.Quercus ilex var. urceolata Martrin-Donos & Timb.-Lagr., sinonim (s), Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11. 1864.Quercus ilex var. vulgaris (Cout.) C. Vicioso, sinonim (s), Rev. Gen. Quercus Esp. 1950.Quercus integrifolia Steud., sinonim (s), Nomencl. Bot. 1. 1821.Quercus marcetii Pau, sinonim (s), Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 9. 1909.Quercus mixta Reyn., sinonim (s), Rev. Bot. Syst. Géogr. Bot. 1. 1903.Quercus oblonga K. Koch, sinonim (s), Dendrologie 2(2). 1873.Quercus prasina Pers., sinonim (s), Syn. Pl. 2. 1807.Quercus sempervirens Mill., sinonim (s), Gard. Dict. ed. 8. 1768.Quercus smilax L., sinonim (s)
Common names: čarnika (Hr), Visiani, R., 1842 5573črnika (Hr), Hirc, D., 1904 67svida (Hr), Visiani, R., 1842 5573svidovina (Hr), Šulek, B., 1879 1256česvina (Hr), Šulek, B., 1879 1256česmika (Hr), Šulek, B., 1879 1256česmina (Hr), Domac, R., 1994 4cernika (Hr), Šulek, B., 1879 1256crnika (Hr), Šulek, B., 1879 1256crni hrast (Hr), Nikolić, T., 2019 12707
Status: Endemic NO , Spourious NO
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